How The US Army Name Military Planes

At STAM Inc., we provide Custom Tube Bending services for military vehicles, military aircraft, and surveillance UAVs. We create custom bend tubes and pipes for various applications on military vehicles including heat exchangers, ductwork, dipstick tubes, air intakes, differential coolers and Radar Support structures.

While we are proud of our relationships and work with Military vehicles, and in awe of the great machines and bravery of their crew, we have also often wondered how military aircrafts are given their names.

Flanker, Backfire, Bear and Badger are some of the names we’ve heard for enemy aircraft and it turns out it is connected to a naming convention invented in World War II.

Army Air Force Captain Frank McCoy realized that pilots could sometimes become confused about enemy fighter planes.

He came up with the solution of giving planes nicknames to overcome the problem. Bombers were given female names, fighter planes were given male names, and transport planes were all named with the names that began with the letter T.  Gliders were given bird names, while training aircraft were named after trees.

During the Cold War, the idea continued, but the system was adjusted slightly. Code names for Bombers now started with the letter B, while names for fighters started with F.

Interestingly plane code names were given one syllable, while jets were given names with multiple syllables.

The naming system was so successful that even NATO started using code names for communist ships, and what began as an idea in World War II still exists and helps military pilots today.


About STAM Inc., Custom Tube Bending for Military Applications

While STAM always remains extremely price competitive, we understand that true value is more than just a price.

Our team of engineers work hard to deliver flawless custom products to specification, which is of extreme importance for military applications.

Our precise custom tube bending services deliver lightweight and streamlined components to match our clients design brief.

What Are The Different Types Of Custom Tube Bending?

STAM Inc., are leaders in custom tube bending and we provide our services to key industries in the United States.

Whatever industry you work in, it’s likely that some part of the business utilizes fabricated custom pipes.

Whether it’s in the manufacturing process, the end product or within the HVAC systems within the commercial buildings you work in, custom tubes and pipes are more important than they may seem!

Custom tube bending is actually a rich science with multiple approaches to achieve end results. Which method is best for a certain result can depend on multiple factors including the material being used, the role of the finished product and the budget and resources available.

Here we look at the different kinds of custom tube bending techniques commonly used.

Rotary Draw Bending

Rotary draw bending is an accurate type of custom tube bending that uses a rotary draw machine to deliver custom jobs, and can bend tubes and pipes for handles, rails and roll cages.

The machine bends the metal through a number of die sets that maintain a consistent center line radius.

CNC Tube Bending machines can be used to add a new level of speed and precision to Rotary Draw Bending, and CNC equipment can be used to automatically manipulate tubes to accurately position multiple bends relative to each other.


Precision Tube Bending

Certain applications require precision tube bending. This can create accurate threaded brackets and ends to ensure that tubes mate together precisely. The ends of the tube must be free of distortion and STAM offers precision tube bending to create fixtures, tools and gauges that produce tubes that fit and perform as required.

Roll Bending

Roll bending, as the name suggests, uses a machine with 3 rollers, known as a jig.  Custom roll bending can be used to bend both sheet metal and metal bars.

Roll bending works by placing the tube into the jig and then manually lowering and pressing the middle roller onto the tube, shaping it into the desired custom shape.

This form of custom bending is good for some circular designs.

Press Bending

The simplest and most common form of custom tube bending is press bending.

This is not the most precise form of custom tube bending, however. The process involves pressing a “bend die” against the tube or pipe to create the desired shape.

About STAM’s Custom Tube Bending

STAM is experienced in various forms of custom tube bending and offers a huge range of materials in house to suit your project.

Our tube bending techniques, engineers and equipment ensure that your projects are completed to the highest possible standards, every time.

For more help and advice with your custom tube bending projects, get in touch with our experienced team.

Four New Mega Food Industry Trends

At STAM Inc., we understand innovation and creativity more than most. It’s something we share with our clients in the food industry where we provide custom tube bending solutions for food production, and sanitary tubing that carries consumer products.

When it comes to innovation, the food industry never stands still, and it is likely new trends will require custom solutions from our engineers and design teams.

Let’s look ahead at some of the hottest new trends expected to take over the food industry in the coming months.


Meat reduction

A desire for healthier living and to be more sustainable is driving a trend towards reducing meat in the diet. This is a trend set to grow further this year after 2017 witnessed a surge in the people who consumed reduced levels of animal products.

Mintel’s new product database shows that vegan and vegetarian product launches are strong in the US and in major European markets.



Obesity continues to be a public health crisis in the United States and in countries across the developed world.

Analysis of data from 188 countries, shows 2.1 billion people are currently overweight or obese.
Over the past 30 years not a single nation has achieved significant success in reducing obesity levels. The food industry is likely to take steps towards improving this situation, with many governments around the world and in Europe in particular already starting to introduce a Sugar Tax.


Can food be medicine?

Will food innovation be driven by big picture issues in society and the food industry?

Many seem to think so and food producers will also have to adapt to the growing challenge of feeding a growing and aging population.

With the world’s population predicted to rise to just under 10bn by the middle of this century and increasing rates of obesity type-2 diabetes, there is a growing awareness of the connections between health and diet.

The food industry will respond by producing food products that keep people healthier for longer.


Transformative tech

In our digital world consumers want transparency and expect to have information on how and where ingredients are sourced from, plus details on manufacturing processes.

Today people want to know what is in their food products, where it came from and how it was made.

They want to know what is in there food, where it comes from, who made it and how it was produced.

It is expected that tech can also deliver greater personalization in the food sector and technology will also play a key role in making food production sustainable.


About STAM’s Custom Tube Bending Services for the Food Industry

Food production units must to be easy to clean and tubing has to be free of any voids or scratches on the inside where microbes could survive despite the cleaning process.

STAM specializes in creating custom tube bending to fit custom needs of food production companies.

Special tooling and techniques are employed to deliver tubing that has an interior surface finish that meets the customer’s specification and health and safety requirements.

For more information on custom tube bending services for the food sector, get in touch with our experienced team.

The Latest Innovations in Aircraft Design

If you’ve traveled in an airplane recently, you probably didn’t notice anything different from the last time you flew (aside from the seats maybe seeming smaller). But the field of aviation is always changing, and there are a number of exciting developments happening in aircraft design.Aircraft-banner-61

Flexible Aircraft Wings

While you probably won’t see flexible aircraft wings on your next flight, this is a new innovation on the horizon. NASA has been working on the technology and has successfully conducted dozens of test flights already. The technology would allow aircraft wings to rotate -2 degrees one way and up to 30 degrees the other way. The advance aims to improve fuel efficiency, with current estimates suggesting a 12% decrease in the amount of fuel consumed. The new wings would also reduce the amount of drag, making the newer aircraft slightly quieter for those on the ground.

New De-Icing Coatings

Dealing with ice is a critical part of aircraft maintenance. If no action is taken, ice can easily build up on the wings. This causes the craft to become heavier and unbalanced, and  changes the aerodynamics of the structure.

Current de-icing liquids are applied on the ground between flights to remove ice build-ups. But newer anti-ice gel coatings are being developed to prevent the ice from adhering to the surface of plane in the first place. These anti-icing coatings are more environmentally friendly than common de-icers, and could be a more permanent coating solution that would require fewer treatments over time.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

UAVs, or drones, have been around for a while now, but the technology surrounding them continues to get more advanced. Remote-controlled aircraft don’t have the same shock and awe factor they once did, but new design concepts are certainly worthy of attention.

BAE Systems has been working with students at Cranfield University to design an aircraft that can switch between fixed-wing flight and rotary-wing flight. Imagine an airplane that can function as a helicopter: two completely different structures that are both capable of flight. Combining the two structures offers unmatched flexibility when it comes to take-off, landing, and in-air maneuvering.

The current application seems to be military-based, but it will be interesting to see how this concept will develop over time and how it will change the field of aerospace.

More on the Horizon

This is all just a sampling of the research and development going on in aircraft design and maintenance. With an industry that has applications ranging from consumer travel, to logistics, to military, there are many opportunities for advancement in the aerospace sector.

As a tube bending service provider for this industry, Stam, Inc. looks forward to seeing where the next wave of modernization will lead.

Preparing Your HVAC System for Warm Weather

Now that the weather is finally heating up for summer, it’s important to take stock of your current HVAC system to see what maintenance or updates should be done. While you’ve probably already turned on the A/C by now, it’s still a good time to perform maintenance so that your system doesn’t break down in the middle of August when you need it most.

If you’re considering building a new system or replacing leaky pipes, one thing to consider is the number of weld points you’ll have in the new system. Each weld point creates a greater potential for leaks over time. Instead, look for tubes and pipes that are bent as needed rather than joined. The longer the pipe can extend without welds, the better it will hold up over time. While many people may be unaware of other options, HVAC pipes can actually be bent to accommodate building structures and existing systems.

In addition to reducing the chance of leaks, bending pipes rather than welding them also makes them easier to clean – which is important in an HVAC system. Since dust and dirt can build up and circulate through the air, it’s crucial to design a structure that improves flow and prevents build up. Ports can be added to the system later as needed, so that shouldn’t be an impediment when making a selection.

If after inspecting your cooling system everything seems to be in working order, remember that filters and other components still may need cleaning and replacement. Give every single piece a thorough once-over before considering the job done.

With the right maintenance and material selection, your HVAC system should run smoothly for a very long time. But if you do notice any room for updates, address those soon before they become an issue down the road.

The Role of Polished Sanitary Tubes in Public Health and Safety

Every day, it seems a new antimicrobial product hits the market. From hand soaps, to dishwashing liquids, to laundry detergents – numerous personal care brands are creating new product lines with antibacterial properties.

The question is, do any of these products actually work? And beyond that, could there be any unintended consequences?

Though most consumers will choose antimicrobial soaps versus standard options, research has found very little difference between the two. In fact, it’s the handwashing itself that has more impact on the presence of germs than the type of soap used. Frequency of handwashing and the length of time spent washing hands has been found to have the greatest effect.

There has also been speculation that antimicrobial soaps can contribute to antibiotic resistant infections. Currently the results have been inconclusive, however longer study periods are needed to observe the long-term effects of exposure.

Overall, it seems that the best way to safely eliminate bacteria is through better hygiene. This includes frequent washing at home, but actually starts with cleaning production equipment at the factories where these products are formulated.

Polished Sanitary Tubing

Polished Sanitary Tubing

When choosing equipment for sanitary production, it’s important for manufacturers to select tubing that is free of voids or weld seams. These are areas where bacteria can hide and multiply. Choosing tubes that are bent rather than welded ensures a smooth surface that is easier to clean and maintain.

By improving the cleanliness of equipment during production, companies can reduce the need for antimicrobial agents. It’s a two-fold cost saving strategy, since you eliminate the cost of antimicrobials, and tube bending is actually cheaper than welding.

At Stam, Inc., we’ve been seeing continued high demand for polished sanitary tubes used in food and personal care product manufacturing. With a strong focus on reducing illness, we don’t expect this trend to change any time soon.

To learn more about tube bending and how it can improve product safety, feel free to contact us online or call 440-974-2500.

New Industrial Opportunities Created by Solar Energy Growth

For a number of years now, demand for alternative, renewable sources of power has been steadily growing. Wind energy adoption has been in the news quite a bit lately, with more wind farms popping up across the United States. But solar power has been steadily picking up traction as well, with the primary advantage being that it can be implemented on a smaller scale, in addition to large solar fields. This means that there are more opportunities for smaller land owners – and even individual homeowners – to harvest solar energy.

Small-scale solar operations have been popping up more and more in a wide range of places. Farmers are now setting aside acreage for solar panels to help offset the energy costs associated with running a farm. Many commercial and private spaces are also installing solar canopies on rooftops to make the most use of an otherwise underutilized space. This means that even in urban areas without land area available for solar farming, people can still install solar panels and begin to harvest that energy. This is a distinct advantage over wind energy, which requires adequate space for large turbines.

The adaptability of solar harvesting has allowed its popularity to skyrocket, doubling solar installations in the United States over the last year to become the top source of alternative power in the nation in 2016.

For industrial companies, this represents new sources of demand for various products and services. At Stam, Inc. we’re seeing more inquiries for structural tubes that need to be bent and shaped to link together for use on solar farms. Structural tubes for solar power are just one example of a product seeing heightened demand thanks to the growing popularity of this energy source. And with smaller solar farms now coming into play, there are even more opportunities for service providers and distributers at all capacity levels.

As we continue to see shifts within the alternative energy sector, we look forward to helping utilities and other companies find the right tubing solutions for their needs. For more information, feel free to contact Stam, Inc. by calling 440.974.2500, or fill out an online form and we’ll get back to you.

Understanding New Tier 4 Emission Requirements

Reducing emissions and finding ways to produce energy more cleanly has been a priority for manufacturers for years. As the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regularly updates requirements to improve the safety and purity of emissions from engines, companies have been scrambling to keep up without sacrificing efficiency.

The latest Tier 4 Final emissions standards apply to both on-road and non-road engines – so many more manufacturers are now impacted by the rules, not just those associated with locomotive equipment like trucks and trains. Now, engines found in power generators and other stationary equipment will be under scrutiny as well. This especially impacts companies working in the oil and gas sector.

The main purpose of Tier 4 Final regulations is to cut back on the amount of particulate matter (PM) by 80% and nitrogen oxides (NOx) by 45% more than previous regulations. To meet this requirement, companies such as Cummins have already taken steps by implementing a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) after-treatment solution for engines. There’s a long line of chemical reactions that go on during this process, and in the end, ammonia and water vapor create the catalytic reaction that results in the reduction of NOx into a harmless gas. Full details on the chain reaction can be found on EngineerLive.

At Stam, we’ve been working with companies to ensure that our tubes meet their requirements for Tier 4 Final standards. This requires the use of Stainless Steel materials and sufficient insulation on the outside of the tube to keep the gases inside hot (extreme heat is an essential component of the catalytic reaction). The number and severity of bends in a tube can impact heat loss, so we make a conscious effort to reduce the number of bends and ensure smooth transitions to retain the most heat possible.

To learn more about our capabilities and how we can assist you in meeting Tier 4 Final requirements, feel to visit us online or call 1-440-974-2500.

Steps to Minimize the Threat of Gas Leaks

Recently there have been a lot of building explosions due to gas leaks. Early last  month, Patterson, New Jersey residents experienced a house blowing up due to a gas leak which flattened two houses. In Queens, New York, nine buildings had to be evacuated due to a gas leak. These are just two examples of problems with gas lines that are becoming more prevalent. According to data from the federal government, roughly every other day some type of incident occurs with gas, resulting in millions of dollars in damage and several deaths each year.


Although not all gas leaks are a result of aging or leaking pipelines, many of them are. Aging infrastructure throughout the country is plagued with outdated pipes that need replacement. The best way to replace these pipes is by having continuous piping, rather than piping with multiple welded joints. Cutting and welding pipes can create weak links in the system. At points where pipes are joined by other fasteners, there is more potential for leakage. Stam, Inc. reduces the problem of gas leaks by using bends in tubing instead of excessive cuts and weld spots. This reduces the chance of future gas leaks, keeping everyone safe.


As pipes begin to show signs of aging or leaking, it’s imperative to fix them immediately. Although gas is clear and odorless, gas companies add a scent to the gas, called tert-Butylthiol (t-butyl mercaptan) to ensure people recognize the smell in order to be alerted of a leak and to take action. In case you suspect a gas leak, it’s important to remember to:


  • immediately evacuate and call 911 from a safe location
  • don’t turn any switches off or on as they can create a spark, igniting the gas
  • leave doors unlocked as you leave and get everyone out
  • don’t use matches, phones, or battery powered equipment
  • don’t start a car or other motorized equipment


Following these rules can keep you safe, should a gas leak occur. However, if you suspect something isn’t right or seems unusual with a gas pipe, always call 911. It may just save a life, including your own.

Improving Food Safety During Processing

Salmonella and Listeria have been in the news lately as more and more food products are recalled. Recently in Toronto, a bakery had to recall all of their meats due to Listeria contamination. In Utah and Idaho, a recall was put in place for precooked bacon, also due to concerns over Listeria. Salmonella has also recently been linked to chicken salad in Washington, with several people getting ill. Many of these outbreaks of contamination could be stopped with proper food processing precautions.


Food SafetyFood processing requires equipment to carry the product from the initial stages of processing, all the way through packaging. What matters most during the process is having a smooth machinery surface which is easy to clean. This is important because the surface finish of machinery can greatly impact cleanliness. Smooth machinery offers fewer places for bacteria to hide and grow, therefore reducing potential safety issues.


Tubing on food processing equipment should be smooth and have as few welds as possible. This allows for easy cleaning with fewer places where biofilm can occur. Stam, Inc. offers food equipment tubing which is easy to clean and free of voids and scratches on the inside. This limits the accumulation of microbes that could potentially survive the cleaning process. Stam uses special techniques and tooling to deliver tubing with an interior finish that meets specifications for each customer’s needs.


For over 40 years, Stam has been dedicated to designing and manufacturing premier custom tubing solutions. Staffed with engineering and manufacturing experts, Stam is able to meet the needs of our customers for increased food safety. Our unparalleled customer service, coupled with unmistakable quality, means customers get the right product for their needs every time, keeping consumers safe.

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